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Article 10

Article 1 - Article  2 - Article  3 - Article  4 - Article  5 - Article  6 - Article  7 - Article  8 - Article  9 - Article 10

Article 11 - Article 12 - Article 13 - Article 14 - Article 15


Glossary and Manasik of Hajj


afdhal meritorious
ahkam decrees or injunctions; plural of hukm
ahwat greater precaution or care
'Arafat the 9th day of Dhu'l Hijjah when the pilgrims assemble at the place 
outside Makkah, known as the plain of 'Arafat
'asr afternoon
aqwa (what is) more stronger or forceful
ashwat rounds or turns; plural of shawt

badhl gift, present
Badhli Hajj Gifting of Hajj; sending soemone on Hajj as a way of generosity
Bayt Allah al-Haram The Sacred House of Allah

dhibh slaughtering, animal sacrifice

Eid al-Qurban Feast of Sacrifice celebrated on 10th Dhu'l Hijjah

faridhah an indispensable religious duty
fuqaha jurisprudents
fusuq disobedience to the commends of God; committing sins

ghayr ul-mahram one who is not mahram
ghusl ritual bathing

hadath akbar major impurity requiring ghusl
hadath asghar minor impurity requiring wudhu
hady animal sacrifice, sacrificial offering
hai'dh menstruating
Hajar al-Aswad The Black Stone
Hajj pilgrimage
Hajjat ul- Islam the obligatory Hajj pilgrimage in Islam
Hajji pilgrim
Hajj Miqati Hajj which starts from one of the mawaqit or the specified places 
where pilgrims are required to assemble
Hajj Nyabi pilgrimage performed on one's behalf
halal permitted; religiously lawful
halq complete shaving of the head
haram prohibited; religiously unlawful
Haram sanctuary, sacred precincts
harwalah with a fast pace
haydh menstruation
hijab Islamic mode of dressing and covering for women
Hijr Isma'il The semi circular 1.3 meter high wall on the northern side of 
the Ka'bah, where Ismail and his mother Hajar are buried
Hujjaj pilgrims
hukm religious decree or injunction acts of worship

'ibadat acts of worship
idhn permission
idhtirar exigency; urgency; emergency need
idhtirari based on exigency, exigent, emergency
ihram state of pilgrim sanctity, which a pilgrim of Hajj or Umrah assumes on 
reaching rniqat
ihtiyat precaution, reservation
ikhtiyar choice
ikhtiyari based on choice, optional
istidar circular
istighfar seeking forgiveness
istihbab considering an act as mustahabb; recommendable
istita'ah capability
itmam reciting the prayer completely as opposed to the shortened prayer of
the traveller

jidal quarrelling, swearing
janabah major ritual impurity caused by sexual intercourse or the like
jabirah wudhu a special kind of ablution for one who has bandages or the like 
on the parts which should be washed during wudhu
junub one who is in the state of janabah

kaffarah expiation, atonement
khums one fifth levy
kifayah being sufficient, sufficiency, competence, capability
kurr water weighing about 384 kilograms which does not become najis if 
nijasah reaches it

Madinah Medina
ma fil-dhimmah an act or deed which is incumbent on the pilgrim and should 
duely be discharged
maghreb sunset
mahram Relations with whom marriage is not punishable such as father, mother, 
step father, step mother's, sons, daughters, brothers, sisters, grandfathers, 
grandmothers, grandsons, grand daughters. maternal or paternal uncles and 
aunts, nieces,
nephews, grand nephews and grand nieces, father law and mother law, son law 
and daughter law, wet nurses, etc. Consequently husband and wife are considered 
Mahram to each other
Makkah Mecca
mal al-ijarah wages paid to a person hired as a na'ib
Marja' Taqlid Religious Authority for following such as the Chief Jurisprudent
masjid mosque
mataf place for (conducting) the tawaf
mawaqit the places permissible for halting
mawaqit plural of miqat
miqat a number of stations outside Makkah from where the pilgrims intending 
Hajj or Umrah assume ihram
mubah. permissible; allowed
mudd dry measure equal to 800 grams
muharramat acts and things which are religiously unlawful
muhill one who has been relieved from ihram, non muhrim
muhrim a pilgrim in the state of ihram
mukallaf one who has reached the age of takleef
mustahabb desirable though not obligatory; recommended
mustahsan praiseworthy; commendable
mustati' a person possessing capability (istita'ah)
muwalat continuity without break

nadhr vow
nafaqah maintenance; necessary living expenses
nafelah prayer supererogatory prayer
na'ib deputy
najis ritual unclean
nifas puerperal period
nijasah ritual uncleanness
niyabah deputation
niyyah intention

qadha settling a wajib act which had not been performed in time, not 
performed but due
qaleel little in quantity, less than kurr
qasr reciting two rak'ah instead of the 4 rak'ah prayer during a journey 
exceeding 23 Kms
qira'ah the recitation of the Qur'an in the prayer

rak'ah unit of the length of prayer
ramy threefold throwing of stones at al-jamarat or symbolic satans
rukn essential part or pillar

sajdah prostration
shawt round, turn

taharah purity, cleanness
tahlil relief from the state of ihram
takleef age in which one becomes mature and thus responsible for performing 
Islamic duties
taqsir partial shortening of the hair on the head
tashriq period the three days following Eid al-qurban
tawaf sevenfold circumambulation of the Ka'bah
tayammum statutory dry ablution with soil, sand, etc.

'udul change of purpose by the na'ib
Umrah (in common usage) visit, (in religious texts) paying a visit to the 
Bayt Allah al Haram (the Sacred House of Allah, i.e. the Holy Kabah)
Umrah- Mufradah Umrah performed independently of Hajj

Wajab span
wajib religiously obligatory
wajib Hajj obligatory pilgrimage
Wajib ul-Hajj one for whom Hajj has become obligatory
wajibat obligatory acts and deeds
wali guardian, heir
wikalah deputation
wudhu ablution with water
wujub obligation
wujuh shareeyah religiously due sums, religious payments
wuquf stop, halt
wuqufayn the two stays

zawal time when the sun crosses the meridian
ziyarah visit
zuhr noon

From the Book: Manasik of Hajj in Brief Author: Ayatollah al-'Uzma Sayyid Ali Khamene'i



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