known as Nahjul-Balagha (consisting of letters and epistles of Imam Ali )
was compiled and named by Abul Hasan Syed Muhammad Razi, generally known
as Syed Sharif al-Razi (359-406AH).
He was a brilliant student of the great jurist AbuAbd
Allah Sheikh Mufid. Before his death, he had produced forty other works of
reference on al-Qur'an and Hadith. However his masterpiece remains
the compilation of the book Nahjul-Balagha.
Syed al-Razi had come across the sayings, sermons and
letters of Imam Ali scattered in various books of theology, history,
biography, literature and the commentaries of al-Qur'an and Hadith.
He found references made to a considerable collection of materials by the
first century scholars that had been lost due to the turmoil's of the
time. He went back into the written materials available to him and
with painstaking meticulousness, selected the spoken word of Imam Ali.
He searched and obtained the authentic collections for his book. He
could only classify these materials into sermons, letters and sayings of
Imam Ali. Since the reference material came to his attention at
different times, the extracted materials had no chronological sequence.
He died five years after the completion of his book. It is probable
that if he had lived longer,
he would have related his collection into chronological order or according
to content or topic. It is clear that he considered the work sacred
and devoted many years of his life to complete it. No sooner had it
gotten published, than it became the center for interpretations and
commentaries by many authorities of his time. Commentaries on the
book have continued to be published right through the ages, and most of
these works are currently available in many languages, including English.
The book Nahjul-Balagha, as compiled by Syed al-Razi
contains a collection of 245 sermons, 75 letters and 210 sayings of Imam
Ali. Apparently there were many more of these sermons and letters
that were not available to Syed al-Razi at the time. It was Sheikh
Muhammad Abdoh (d. 1323 AH), a mufti Ourist)
in Egypt, who got the Nahjul-Balagha published and thus acquainted the
centers of learning in Egypt and Beirut with the wealth of knowledge
contained in this book. The reader is urged to obtain a copy of the
book for himself and benefit from the wisdom and knowledge of Imam Ali.
THE DEW AN (COLLECTED POETRY) OF IMAM ALI
The eloquence of Imam Ali was exemplary among his peers
and has remained unmatched to this day. His normal sermons used have
a poetical rhyme in them. In fact the origin of the art and science of
grammar in Arabic is ascribed to him. The poetical word of Imam Ali
has been quoted in many classic works, and a Dew an is ascribed to him.
Only two of his poetical works are quoted below:
I ."Where hearts contain despair
And the spacious breast is stifled by what is within
And cares make their abode and repose,
And sorrows anchor in their habitations,
And no way is seen for dispelling of distress,
And the stratagem of the cunning availeth not;
There shall come to thee in thy despair a helper,
When the answerer of prayer who is nigh, shall bring
For all sorrows when they have reached their term,
There is linked to them an approaching joy."
2. "Men lust for the world and plot for it,
Yet its clearness is mingled for them with impurities.
They do not give thou of it thy portion
According to thy wisdom when it is distributed!
But men have their allotted shares according to their
How many there are of the wise and sagacious unprepared!
While a fool has gained his wealth by errors,
If it could be acquired by force and rapine,
Falcons would sweep off with the subsistence of
GNOSIS OF ALLAH ACCORDING TO IMAM ALI
1. "I know
Allah by Allah, and I know that which is not Allah by the Light of
"I have seen the Face of Allah, for if I had not seen it, I could not
The height of gnosis is His confirmation."
"The height of confirmation is Tawhid (Oneness)."
"The height of Tawhid is the acknowledgement of the supremacy of
Allah in all matters."
"He is beyond all attributes."
"No particular attribute can give an idea of His exact nature."
"He is not bound by anything; all things are bound by Him."
"He is infinite, limitless, boundless, beyond Time, beyond Space,
"Time does not affected Him."
"He existed when there was nothing."
"He will exist for ever."
"His existence is not subject to the laws of birth or death."
"He is manifest in everything, but He is distinct from
"He is not the cause of anything; everything is because of Him."
"He is unique."
"He has no partner."
"He is The Creator."
"He creates as He destroys."
"All things are subject to His command."
"He orders a thing to be and it is."
2.Man is a wave in the boundless sea of Allah.
"As long as man's vision is clouded by ignorance and sensuality
he will consider himself a separate entity, different from Allah.
"But when the veil between him and Allah is lifted, he will
then know what he
3 . While living in the world do not renounce it, yet have no undue
attachment to it. Detachment from it (zuhd) means attaining Allah.
IMAM ALI, THE ORIGINATOR OF SUFISM (MYSTICISM)
Imam Ali is acclaimed as the Father of Sufism, and the
Prince of Saints. Most Suft orders claim their descent from Imam Ali
and emulate him in his philosophy, gnosis and worship of Allah. Imam
Ali held that men should be virtuous, as virtues purify the soul; and it
is only the purified soul that can be the recipient of spiritual
enlightenment. This is the doctrine of Inner Light, which sits in
the core of the Sufi Thought.
IMAM ALI, THE ORIGINATOR OF FIQ (ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE)
In the years prior to his
own rule, Imam Ali was consulted by the preceding Caliphs in matters of
Islamic law and judgments. It is said that even his archenemy
Muawiyah acknowledged his superiority in knowledge, and had consulted him
on an unusual case of inheritance that he was unable to solve.
During his own rule, Imam Ali used to address the
Muslims after the congregational prayers, and expounded on the Word of
Allah, and elaborated its meanings and implications with the Hadith and
Sunna of the Prophet. He spoke on the purity of Faith and the
Fidelity 'in the ritual practices of religion, on Worship and Submission
to Allah, on Charity and Alms giving, on the Conduct of one's
individual life and one's interaction with the Society at large.
With his letters to his governors, he gave specific instructions on how to
deal with the Muslim and the non-Muslim subjects under their charge.
All aspects of human fallibility were under his direct vision, and he
explained to his subjects how to deal with them. Thus, in the light
of Qur'an and Hadith, as well as his own illustrious conduct of life, he
laid down the foundations of Fiq (Islamic Jurisprudence). The reader
is once again referred to larger biographical works on the Imam for
IMAM ALI ON KNOWLEDGE
1. Knowledge is better than (worldly) wealth
because: -"Knowledge is the legacy of the Prophets; wealth is the
legacy of the pharaohs."
"Knowledge induces humanity in Prophets to say, 'O Allah! We
worship Thee and are Thine servants;'while wealth 'induces the pharaohs
and the nimrods to claim godhead for themselves."
have to guard your wealth, but knowledge guards you."
knowledge is distributed it increases, but when wealth is distributed it
"A man of
wealth has many enemies, but a man of knowledge has many friends.
"A man of
knowledge has a wider outlook and is apt to be generous, but a man of
wealth is apt to be mean and miserly."
gains in depth and dimension with lapse of time, but wealth in the forms
of hoarded coins and currency become rusty and loose its value."
"You can keep
an account of wealth because it' limited but you cannot keep is it an
account of knowledge because it is boundless."
illuminates the mind, but wealth is apt to darken it."
highest purpose of knowledge is the awakening of latent spiritual
faculties whereby one is enabled to discover his true and inner self.
form of knowledge which failed to show the infinite reality in man was
useless, because it could not fill that vacuum of which the aching soul of
every individual was so pathetically conscious."
Selected Sayings of Imam
1. You are ordained to recognize the Imam
2. Anyone who has four
attributes will not be deprived of their (four) effects:
-one who prays to Allah
and implores to Him, will not be deprived of the granting of his prayers;
-one who repents for his
thoughts and deeds, will not be refused acceptance of the repentance;
-one who has atoned for
his sins, will not be debarred from salvation;
-one who thanks Allah for
His blessings and bounties, will not be denied, for their thanks increase
The truth of this is attested by al-Quran:
-As far as prayers are
concerned, Allah says, "Pray thee to me and I shall accept thy
-About repentance He says,
" forever has done a bad deed or has persuaded himself to sin, and
then repents and asks for His forgiveness, he will find Allah most
Forgiving and Merciful "
-About being thankful He says,
"If you are thankful for what you are given then I shall increase My
Bounties and Blessings. " -About atonement of sins He says,
"Allah accepts the atonement of those who have committed a vice
without realizing its enormity and then atone for it. Allah accepts such
attunements, He is Wise and Omniscient."
3 . Half of the success
in life is to acquire friends and sympathizers.
4. This world is
not a place of permanent abode. It is a passage, a road on which you
are passing. There are two kinds of people: -those who have sold
their souls for eternal damnation; and those who have bought their souls
and freed them from damnation.
5. Minds get tired like bodies. When you feel that your mind
is tired, then invigorate it with advice.
6. Obstinacy and stubbornness
will not let you arrive at the correct decision.
7. In this world man is a target to
the arrow of death, an easy prey of calamities and adversities:
-here every morsel and every
draught is liable to choke one; -here one never receives a favor until he
loses another instead;
-here every additional day in one's life is a day reduced
from the total span of his existence;
-When death is the natural outcome of life how then can one expect
8. No wealth has more usefulness than intelligence and wisdom.,
-No solitude is more horrible than people avoiding you on account of your
vanity and conceit or when you think your are above everybody to confide
-No eminence is more exalting than pity.
-No companion can prove more useful than politeness.
-No heritage is better than culture.
-No leader is superior to Divine Guidance.
-No deal is more profitable than good deeds.
-No profit is greater than heavenly reward.
-No abstinence is better than refraining from indulging in doubts (about
-No virtue is better than refraining from prohibited deeds.
-No knowledge is superior to deep thinking and prudence.
-No worship or prayers are more sacred than fulfillment of obligations and
-No religious faith is loftier than feeling ashamed to do wrong and
bearing calamities patiently.
-No eminence is greater than humility.
-No exaltation or grandeur is superior to learning and knowledge.
-Nothing is more respectable than forgiveness and forbearance.
-No support and defense is stronger than consultation and counsel.
9.Anyone who loves us (Able Bait) must be ready to accept a life of
10.Best deed of a great man is to forgive and forget.
The book, " and the message continues " is available for
online reading in the book section of this website.